Copyright and Disclaimer
Professor Fredric Cheyette
Department of History
Amherst College

Material on this site has mostly been created by the site author, Fredric Cheyette, but some has been assembled from elsewhere on the Internet or scanned from publications and placed here for ease and rapidity of local access, meaning mainly for my own Amherst students.

A good faith effort has been made to comply with US copyright law. This does not imply any claim that all of the material is outside copyright, but does mean that I have adhered to the best of my knowledge and ability to the "fair use" clause of US Copyright. This "fair use" clause is quoted below from the University of Pennsylvania website (

In particular, no copyright material here is used for commercial gain. All is exclusively for educational purposes.

All the texts appearing here are my own creations, or my own translations, although some may have appeared in journals or books of which the editors or publishers are the copyright owners of record. The origin of all the images in the "Landscape project" that are not my own are credited to the creators or publishers.

I should appreciate the opportunity to hear directly any objections that material placed here does not conform to these "fair use"provisions. If you have comments or suggestions, pleas email me, Fredric Cheyette at so that I can remove any offending material pending resolution of the issue.

For educational purposes you are welcome to freely link to this site or make electronic or hard copy of any materials prepared by me, as long as source and author are indicated. You may not create links to this site or reproduce anything found here for commercial purposes in any form without my express permission.

I owe thanks to Paul Hyams, from whose web page much of this disclaimer was taken, and to Paul Halsall, the Net-benefactor who has done so much for users seeking information on the Middle Ages. I have based this page on his Disclaimer message at his site, the Medieval Sourcebook, and have "borrowed" his quotation of the "fair use" clause below.

107: Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair Use

Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the fair use of a
copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phone
records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such
as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies
for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of
copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular
case is a fair use, the factors to be considered shall include:

* The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of
a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
* the nature of the copyrighted work;
* the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the
copyrighted work as a whole; and the effect of the use upon the
potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. (added pub. l
94-553, Title I, 101, Oct 19, 1976, 90 Stat 2546).